Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma
(December 20, 1868 – August 24, 1950) was a Chilean political figure
and reformer, who served twice as the President of Chile
, first between 1920 and 1924, and then again in 1925, and finally from 1932 until 1938.
He was son of Pedro Alessandri Vargas, son of an Italian immigrant, and Susana Palma Guzmán. His father was dedicated to the agricultural labor of the estate in which he lived. At the age of 12 he entered the Sacred Hearts High School
, run by French priests, where his brothers were studying and his father had studied.
He began a law career in the University of Chile
at the age of 20, graduating in 1893. In 1891, while studying, he participated in the newspaper "La Justicia", which was in opposition to the President of the time, José Manuel Balmaceda. After graduating as a lawyer, he married Rosa Ester Rodríguez Velasco
, with whom he had 9 children.
He began his political life in 1897, entering the Liberal Party
, and assuming as the representative of Curicó
, where he would be re-elected for almost 20 years. In 1915, already showing his first presidential aspirations, he challenged the senator of the province of Tarapacá, Arturo del Río
. Alessandri won a disputed and violent election, from where he earned the nickname of León de Tarapacá (Lion of Tarapacá
), due to his charisma
, his popularity with the people and his abilities of speech.
In 1920 he ran for President of the Republic for the Liberal......