or Assyria Provincia
was a roman province that lasted only a few years (116-117 AD).
Assyria was one of three provinces
(with Armenia and Mesopotamia) created by the Roman emperor Trajan
in 116 CE following a successful military campaign against Parthia
, in present-day Iraq
Despite Rome's military victory, Trajan's province was plagued with difficulties from the start. In 116, a Parthian prince named Santruces organized an armed revolt by the natives in the new Roman provinces. During the revolt, Roman garrisons in Assyria
and Mesopotamia were driven from their posts, and a Roman general was killed as his army tried unsuccessfully to stop the rebellion.David Magie, Roman Rule in Asia Minor to the End of the Third Century After Christ
, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1950: p. 609.
When Trajan died in 117, his successor, Hadrian
, implemented a new policy with respect to the recently acquired territories in the east. Hadrian believed that the empire
was overextended, and wanted to retract Roman rule to more easily defensible borders.Charles Freeman, The World of the Romans
, New York: Oxford University Press, 1993: p. 62.The Cambridge Ancient History,......