or Common Lady-fern
) is a large, feathery species of fern
native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere
, where it is often abundant (one of the more common ferns) in damp, shady woodland
environments and is often grown for decoration.
The plant is caespitose (the fronds arising from a central point as a clump rather than along a rhizome
). The fronds
are light yellow-green, 20-90 cm long and 5-25 cm broad; they are deciduous
appear as dots on the underside of the frond, 1-6 per pinnule
. They are covered by a prominently whitish to brown reniform (kidney-shaped) indusium
. Fronds are very dissected, being 3-pinnate. The stripe may bear long, pale brown, papery scales at the base.
Cultivation and uses
and young fronds are poisonous
when raw, but edible after cooking.
- Hyde, H. A., Wade, A. E., & Harrison, S. G. (1978). Welsh Ferns. National Museum of Wales.