The Audi Quattro
is a road and rally car
, produced by the German automobile manufacturer Audi
, now part of the Volkswagen Group
. It was first shown at the 1980 Geneva Motor Show
on 3 March.
The word quattro
is derived from the Italian
word for "four". The name has also been used by Audi to refer to the quattro
four-wheel drive system, or any four-wheel drive version of an Audi model. To avoid confusion, the original Quattro model is also commonly referred to as the Ur-Quattro
- the "Ur-
for "primordial" or "ancestral") is an augmentative
prefix, in this case meaning "original", and is also applied to the first generation Audi S4
and Audi S6
models, as in "Ur-S4" and "Ur-S6".
The Audi Quattro was the first rally car
to take advantage of the then-recently changed rules which allowed the use of four-wheel drive
in competition racing
. It won competition after competition for the next two years. To commemorate the success of the original vehicle, all subsequent Audis with their trademark quattro
four wheel drive system were badged "quattro" with a lower case "q". The original car with the upper case "Q" in the Quattro name is a collector's piece.
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