(120 BC – 54 BC) was the mother of Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar
(100 BC – 44 BC).
Aurelia Cotta was a daughter of Rutilia and Lucius Aurelius Cotta. Her father was consul
in 119 BC and her paternal grandfather of the same name was consul in 144 BC. The family of the Aurelii Cottae
was prominent during the Roman
Republican era. Her mother Rutilia, was a member of the gens Rutilius
cognominated Rufus. They were of consular rank.
Three of her half-brothers were consuls: Gaius Aurelius Cotta
in 75 BC, Marcus Aurelius Cotta in 74 BC and Lucius Aurelius Cotta
in 65 BC; they were the sons of her mother, Rutilia's second marriage with her paternal uncle Marcus Aurelius Cotta.
Aurelia married a praetor Gaius Julius Caesar
. Her husband died 85 BC – 84 BC. Their children were:
The historian Tacitus
considers her an ideal Roman matron and thinks highly of her. Plutarch
describes her as a "strict and respectable" woman. Highly intelligent, independent and renowned for her beauty and common sense, Aurelia was held in high regard throughout Rome.
Aurelia and her family were very influential in her son’s upbringing and security. Her husband, the elder Gaius Caesar, was often away, so the task of raising their son fell mostly on Aurelia's shoulders. When the younger Caesar was about 18, he was ordered by the then......