thumb|right|440px|The Auschwitz Album is a unique photographic record of the Holocaust
of the Second World War
. A collection of photographs taken inside a Nazi German death camp
, it is the only surviving pictorial evidence of the extermination process from inside the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp
(with the exception of three surreptitious photographs taken Sonderkommandos
The identity of the photographer has never been determined. They may have been taken by either Ernst Hoffmann or Bernhard Walter, two SS
men responsible for fingerprinting and taking photo IDs of those prisoners who were not selected for extermination.
The album has 56 pages and 193 photographs. Originally, it had more photos, but before being donated to the Holocaust Museum
, Yad Vashem
, some of them were given to survivors who recognized relatives and friends.
The images follow the processing of newly arrived Hungarian Jews
in the early summer of 1944. They document the disembarkation of the Jewish prisoners from the train boxcars, followed by the selection process, performed by doctors of the SS and wardens of the camp, which separated those who were considered fit for work from those who were to be sent to the gas chambers. The photographer followed groups of those selected for work, and those selected for death to a birch grove just outside the crematoria where they were made to wait before being killed. The photographer also documented the workings of an area called Canada
, where the......