In the decisive Third Test, Australia was 187-7 in reply to England's 268 when Ted Dexter decided to take the new ball. In response, Peter Burge, the last recognised batsman, went on the attack. He scored 160, well supported by Neil Hawke and Wally Grout, the last three wickets adding 211. This left England 121 behind on first innings and they could not recover.
Since a draw in the Fourth Test would ensure that Australia would retain the Ashes, they batted on till they had reached 656-8 before declaring, with Bob Simpson scoring 311, belatedly his first Test century. England responded with 611 (Ken Barrington 256, Ted Dexter 174) and the match ended in the dullest of draws.