Austrian Riviera

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<!--This article is in US English-->The Austrian Riviera (German Österreichische Riviera, Italian Riviera Austriaca, Slovene Avstrijska riviera, Croatian Austrijska riviera) is a description for the coastal strip of former Austrian Littoral, a Habsburg crown land which, until 1921, stretched along the northeastern Adriatic Coast.

The Austrian Riviera covered areas coastal areas adjacent the port city of Trieste . The Istrian coast south of Trieste is part of the mountainous Kras with numerous small offshore islands (e.g., Brijuni) and is now part of the Italian municipality of Muggia (slov. Milje), and southernmore of Slovenia and Croatia.The coast north of Trieste (slov. Trst) is partially rocky, and partially sandy, with the Island of Grado. It is now part of the autonomous Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of Italy.The coast presents a charming landscape and a year-round mild climate.

History

In Ancient Roman times the region was the site of important settlements like Aquileia.

During the Middle Ages, most of the coast had Venetian settlements. In 1382, Italian Trieste was joined with the Habsburg Monarchy which also controlled most of the hinterland, while most of the smaller coastal fishing villages remained part of the Republic of Venice.

Trieste developed into an important port and trade hub and by 1719 a free port was constituted and further developed as the Habsburg Austria's principal commercial port and shipbuilding center.In 1815, after the Napoleonic Wars,...
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