Austrian Southern Railway

Austrian Southern Railway

Austrian Southern Railway

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Description:
The Austrian Southern RailwayRansome-Wallis, P. (1971). Preserved Steam Locomotives of Western Europe, Vol. 1, Ian Allan, London. p. 13ff. ISBN 0-7110-0196-0. (German Österreichische Südbahn or just Südbahn, Slovene Južna železnica) was an Austrian railway company established in 1841. It was the main railway company in the Austrian Empire (later Austria-Hungary) operating train services between Vienna and Trieste until 1923.

Today, the term Südbahn is still used to refer to the railway lines which were formerly operated by it: from Vienna via Bruck an der Mur to Graz and via Slovenia to Trieste (Southern Railway). Historically incorrect, the term is sometimes also applied to the railway line from Bruck an der Mur via Klagenfurt and Villach to Italy (Tarvisio).

History

The railway company was established to create train services between the capital city of Vienna and the busy Adriatic sea port city of Trieste in order to meet trade demands in the upcoming age of industrialization.

Construction began in 1839 and the first section between Vienna and Gloggnitz was completed by the private Wien-Gloggnitzer Eisenbahn Gesellschaft in 1842. It followed the construction of the section from Mürzzuschlag via Graz and Maribor and Ljubljana to Trieste, completed by the Imperial government in 1857. The two lines were connected by the Semmering Railway, when the railway over the Semmering mountain pass was...
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