(also called Chanca
, after the former Chancas local tribe that dominated the area before Incan conquest) is one dialect of the Quechua language
, spoken in the Ayacucho region
, as well as by immigrants from Ayacucho in Lima
. With roughly a million speakers, it is one of the largest dialects of the language along with Cusco Quechua
. The literary standard of Southern Quechua
is based on these two closely related Quechua varieties.
Ayacucho Quechua uses only three vowels: , , and , which are rendered by native speakers as , , and respectively. When these vowels appear adjacent to the uvular fricative , they are lowered (with instead being produced further back), yielding , , and respectively. For bilingual speakers, the Spanish vowels, , , and may also be used.
Bold type indicates orthographic representation. Phonetic pronunciation, if different, is indicated by IPA symbols in brackets.
Notable differences from Cusco Quechua:
- There are no ejective stops. See Cusco Phonology for examples of ejective consonants.
- q represents the uvular fricative rather than the uvular stop of Cusco. The q grapheme is kept merely to allow for easy comparison due to its use with other Quechua languages.
- Ayacucho Quechua lacks the characteristic spirantization of stops at the end of a syllable; compare Cusco ñuqanchis with Ayacucho ñuqanchik "we/you and I".
Ayacucho Quechua has borrowed hundreds of words from... Read More