The ba gua
() are eight diagrams used in Taoist cosmology
to represent the fundamental principles of reality, seen as a range of eight interrelated concepts. Each consists of three lines, each line either "broken" or "unbroken," representing yin
or yang, respectively. Due to their tripartite structure, they are often referred to as "trigrams" in English.
The trigrams are related to taiji
philosophy and the wu xing
, or "five elements". The relationships between the trigrams are represented in two arrangements, the Primordial
(先天八卦), "Earlier Heaven" or "Fuxi" bagua (伏羲八卦), and the Manifested
(後天八卦), "Later Heaven," or "King Wen" bagua. The trigrams have correspondences in astronomy
, the family, and elsewhere.
The ancient Chinese classic I Ching
consists of the 64 possible pairs of trigrams (called "hexagrams") and commentary on them.
Relation to other Principles
There are two possible sources of bagua
:The first is from traditional Yin and Yang
philosophy. The... Read More