Babur Ibn-Baysunkur

Babur Ibn-Baysunkur

Babur Ibn-Baysunkur

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Babur Ibn-Baysunkur (1422–1457), also known as Abu'l-Qasim Bābur, was a Timurid ruler in Khurasan (1449–1457). He was the son of Baysunqar, and thus the a grandson of Shāhrukh Mirzā.

Babur was one of the many people involved in the succession struggle that took place during Shah Rukh's last years. Together with Khalil Sultan (a great-great-grandson of Timur), he plundered the baggage-train of the army and then made his way to Khurasan. Meanwhile, Ulugh Beg also invaded Khurasan in 1448 in an attempt to defeat 'Ala' al-Daula, who held Herat. Ulugh Beg defeated 'Ala' al-Daula at Tarnab and took Mashhad, while his son 'Abd al-Latif conquered Herat. 'Ala' al-Daula fled to south-western Afghanistan. However, Ulugh Beg felt Transoxiana, where he had already ruled for decades, to be more important, and soon left the area. On the way back, Babur sent a force that inflicted heavy losses on his army.

With a power vacuum now in Khurasan, Babur quickly seized control. Mashad and Herat fell to him in 1449. 'Ala' al-Daula occasionally raided the area but was not a significant factor. Together with Ulugh Beg and Sultan Muhammad (who gained control of central Persia), Babur became one of the three important Timurid rulers. This balance of power was soon upset by Sultan Muhammad, who invaded Khurasan. The campaign started out badly for Babur, with a defeat at Mashad in March 1450 convinced him to cede parts of his territory. However, Babur soon recovered and took Sultan Muhammad...
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