(c. 1730 - c. 1802) was an important military general during turbulent times in Punjab
in the 18th century. He was born in the village of Chabal Kalan
near the city of Tarn Taran Sahib
in the Taran Taran district
. He grew up to become leader of the Karor Singhia Sikh
fighting order or misl
composed of Jat
Sikhs from present day Amritsar district
and Taran Taran district (major villages being Chabal, Naushehra Pannuan, Chabba, Sur Singh, Sirhali, Guruwali, Bhikhiwind, etc.).
Karor Singhia Misl had 12,000 fighting men according to Syed Ahmad Latif, a Muslim historian. As well as being a good soldier, Baghel Singh was a very good political negotiator and was able to win over many adversaries to his side. The Mughals
, the Ruhilas
, the Marathas, and the British sought his friendship. In the wake of the decay of Mughal authority in the Punjab
owing to Ahmad Shah Durrani
's successive invasions during the latter half of the 18th century, the Sikhs began extending their influence.
Baghel Singh's Karor Singhia Misl fought directly with Ahmad Shah Durrani
(also known as Abdali
), along with other Dal Khalsa
misls near Kup at Malerkotla, where in one day of battle alone 30,000-40,000 women, children, and old Sikhs were killed.
After Durrani's invasion, Sikhs started consolidating the territories between Yamuna and Indus by incorporating into misls, and misls reporting to Jassa Singh Ahluwalia
(Chief of Dal Khalsa) won territory at Akal Takht Amritsar.
When... Read More