The Balkans Campaign
of World War I
was fought between Central Powers Bulgaria
on one side and the Allies Serbia
, the United Kingdom
(and later Romania
, who sided with the Allied Powers) on the other side.
The prime cause of World War I being the hostility between Serbia and Austria-Hungary, it isn't surprising that some of the earliest fighting took place between Serbia and its powerful neighbour to the north: Austria-Hungary. Serbia held out against Austria-Hungary for more than a year before it was conquered in late 1915.
Allied diplomacy was able to bring Romania into the war in 1916 but this proved disastrous for the Romanians. Shortly after they joined the war, a combined German, Austrian, Bulgarian and Ottoman
offensive conquered two-thirds of their country in a rapid campaign which ended in December 1916. However, the Romanian and Russian armies managed to stabilize the front and hold on to Moldavia
In 1917, Greece entered the war on the Allied side, and in 1918, the multi-national Army of the Orient
, based in northern Greece
, finally launched an offensive which drove Bulgaria to seek peace, recaptured Serbia and finally halted only at the border of Hungary
in November 1918.
The Serbian Army was successfully able to rebuff the larger Austro-Hungarian Army
due to Russia's assisting invasion from the north. In 1915 the Austro-Hungarian Empire placed additional soldiers in... Read More