Balta, Ukraine

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Balta () () is a small city in the Odessa Oblast (province) of south-western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Baltsky Raion (district), and located approximately 200 kilometers from the oblast capital, Odessa. The town was founded in the 16th century.

The current estimated population is around 20,000.


According to the archaeological findings, the first settlements on this territory existed 5-6 thousand years ago.

In the 17th and 18th century, there were two separate towns located on the opposite banks of Kodyma River. The first one was an Ottoman frontier settlement and fortress named Balta. The second one was Polish town of Józefgród (other variants of transliteration are Yuzefgrod and Yusefgrod) named after prince Józef Lubomirski<!--which one?--->, the founder of the local fortress. The burning of the city by the Russian general Mikhail Krechetnikov in pursuit of the Polish confederalists in March 1768 and the murdering of the mainly local Jewish population by the Cossack Haidamakas, formed one of the reasons for the start of the Russo–Turkish War, 1768–1774. Józefgród and Balta were joined in 1797, when this land became the territory of the Russian Empire.At 19th century Balta takes place as trade center of Odessa region, precisely because of this has built first in Ukraine railroad "Odessa-Balta"(has built at 1865).

In the 19th and early 20th century, the population of the town consisted of Jews (55-82%, nowadays about...
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