Bamberg Horseman

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The Bamberg Horseman () is a life-size stone equestrian statue by an anonymous medieval sculptor in the cathedral of Bamberg, Germany.

Dating probably from the time before the consecration of the cathedral's new building in 1237, but after 1225, it is located on a console at the north pillar of the St. George choir, it is not known whether this is the intended position of the statue although the base appears to be original and the structure of the base would seem to dissuade moving.

Being located in a church and showing a crowned yet unarmed man, it is believed that it represents a specific king, perhaps one who was a saint. One obvious candidate is Saint Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (973-1024) who is buried in the cathedral along with Pope Clement II, but he would likely have been depicted with Imperial Regalia. Another possibility is his brother-in-law, holy king Stephen I of Hungary (975-1038) who stops his horse and looks towards the tomb of Henry. Another theory favours Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor at the time, who financed much of the rebuilding of the cathedral.W. R. Valentiner, The Bamberg Rider: Studies of Mediaeval German Sculpture, Zeitlin & Ver Brugge, 1956 Yet another theory, supported by Hannes Möhring of the University of Bayreuth, holds that the figure represents the Messiah according to the Book of Revelation (19:11–16).

It is considered...
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