" () is a nickname for five German
cities that the Staufer
Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
stayed in or near for some time.
is a city on the Middle Rhine
in Ahrweiler County
in its early history and settled by the Roman
, the city was first mentioned in 762 as a Franconian
king's court, sentiacum
. The city was at its height from the 12th through the 14th century as a Kaiserpfalz
often visited by the German kings and emperors. Barbarossa himself stayed at Sinzig four times.
The settlement history of Kaiserslautern
, an industrial city and university seat at the northern edge of the Palatinate forest
, begins in the 5th millennium BC
. Around 1100 Salian
rulers built themselves a castle on the grounds of the present-day city hall. Between 1152 and 1158 Barbarossa had the castle expanded that would bear his name and serve as his Kaiserpfalz "with no insignificant amount of pomp". He designated Lautern
the center of his Staufen
empire, which marked the beginning of a boom for the community. The Kaiser'
s (imperial) palace was mentioned for the first time as "castrum domini imperatoris". In 1176 Barbarossa donated a hospital to the community and called Norbertines
into Lautern to take on the hospital's management. The people of "Kaiser's Lautern" were proud to call their city a "Barbarossa city".
The "Barbarossa city" of Gelnhausen
is a... Read More