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<!-- See WikiProject Indian cities for details -->Bardhaman or Burdwan (also Barddhaman; ), is a city of West Bengal state in eastern India. It is the headquarters of Bardhaman District.

Bardhaman has been a district capital since the time of Mughal Empire. Later on it became a district headquarters of British India. Burdwan is an alternative name for the city, which remains in use since the British period.

The origin of this name dates back to the 6th century BCE and is ascribed to Vardhaman Swami or Mahavira (599-527&nbsp;BCE), the 24th Jain Tirthankar, who spent some time in Astikagrama, according to the Jain scripture of Kalpasutra. This place was renamed as Vardhamana in his honour.


The region has an average elevation of 40&nbsp;metres (131&nbsp;ft). The city is situated 1100&nbsp;km from New Delhi and a little less than 100&nbsp;km north-west of Kolkata on the Grand Trunk Road (NH-2) and Eastern Railway. The chief rivers are the Damodar and the Banka.

Gram panchayats under Bardhaman I Panchayat Samiti are: Belkash, Bondul I, Baghar I, Baghar II, Rayan I, Rayan II, Kurmun I, Saritikar and Kshetia.

Gram panchayats under Bardhaman II Panchayat Samiti are: Kurmun II, Bondul II, Gobindapur, Barsul I, Barsul II, Baikunthapur I, Baikunthapur II, Nabstha I and Nabastha II.

The origin of this name dates back to 4000 BCE and is ascribed to Vardhamanswami or......
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