<!-- See WikiProject Indian cities
for details -->Bardhaman
; ), is a city of West Bengal
state in eastern India
. It is the headquarters of Bardhaman District.
Bardhaman has been a district capital since the time of Mughal Empire
. Later on it became a district headquarters of British India
is an alternative name for the city, which remains in use since the British period.
The origin of this name dates back to the 6th century BCE and is ascribed to Vardhaman Swami or Mahavira
(599-527 BCE), the 24th Jain Tirthankar
, who spent some time in Astikagrama, according to the Jain scripture of Kalpasutra
. This place was renamed as Vardhamana in his honour.
The region has an average elevation of 40 metres (131 ft). The city is situated 1100 km from New Delhi
and a little less than 100 km north-west of Kolkata
on the Grand Trunk Road
(NH-2) and Eastern Railway. The chief rivers are the Damodar
and the Banka.Gram panchayats
under Bardhaman I Panchayat Samiti are: Belkash, Bondul I, Baghar I, Baghar II, Rayan I, Rayan II, Kurmun I, Saritikar and Kshetia.Gram panchayats
under Bardhaman II Panchayat Samiti are: Kurmun II, Bondul II, Gobindapur, Barsul I, Barsul II, Baikunthapur I, Baikunthapur II, Nabstha I and Nabastha II.
The origin of this name dates back to 4000 BCE and is ascribed to Vardhamanswami or......