The Bardoli Satyagraha
() of 1928, in the state of Gujarat
during the period of the British Raj
, was a major episode of civil disobedience
and revolt in the Indian Independence Movement
. Its success gave rise to Vallabhbhai Patel
as one of the greatest leaders of the independence struggle.
had led two great revolts of communities of poor Indian farmers against the tyranny of the British government and allied landlords in Champaran
, and Kheda
. Success in both struggles had helped win the farmers economic and civil rights, and electrified India's people.
In 1920, the Indian National Congress
under Gandhi's leadership launched the Non-Cooperation Movement
. Millions of Indians revolted against the British, boycotting the courts, government services, schools and disavowing titles, pensions and British clothes and goods. The freedom fighters, known as Satyagrahis
, peacefully protested authoritarian British laws, and called for India's independence. Many thousands were beaten, tortured and arrested.
In 1922, however, a mob of protestors killed some policemen in Chauri Chaura
. Fearing a slide into violence and anarchy, Gandhi called for the struggle to be suspended. He was arrested in the same year and sentenced to be imprisoned for six years, but released in 1924.In this struggle, many considered Sardar Patel as the Lord of Bardoli.
In 1925, the taluka
suffered from floods and famine, causing crop... Read More