Established in 1885, the Barlaeus Gymnasium is the oldest of the three gymnasia, although its origins stretch back to the Latijnse scholen (Latin schools) whose existence is documented as far back as 1594. It is named after Caspar Barlaeus. The name was altered in 1927. Before this it was known as Het Stedelijk Gymnasium. Famous alumni include politicians Frits Bolkestein, Els Borst and writer Willem Frederik Hermans. Thanks to its many well-known alumni, as well as its propensity to court controversy, the school enjoys great name recognition throughout the Netherlands.