is a locality in the suburb
of Palm Beach
, at the farthest southern tip of Pittwater
. The headland
is mostly made up of Hawkesbury sandstone
which overlays Narrabeen shale. Around 10,000 years ago the headland was cutoff from the mainland due to the rising sea level; subsequent buildup of a sand spit or tombolo
reconnected the island to the mainland. It is the location of Barrenjoey Head Lighthouse
, a lighthouse which was first lit in 1881.
On 2 March 1788, Arthur Phillip named the headland "Barrenjuee" (meaning little kangaroo or wallaby). The area's name has been spelled differently over time, Barrenjoey now being the accepted name since 1966.
The Barrenjoey Head lighthouse was the third light constructed on the headland, and was completed in 1881. Designed by NSW colonial architect James Barnet
, its construction cost £13,695, plus £2,210 for the lamp. At an elevation of 113 m, it is visible to a distance of out to sea.According to List of Lights
and "Lighthouses of Australia". , Accessed 2007-01-08, says 40km.
A customs station was established in 1843, as the Headland marked the entrance to Broken Bay
– considered to be the back door to Sydney
for smugglers. The first report of any lighted beacon on the headland was in 1855, when a fire was raised in a basket to assist mariners during storms. Broken... Read More