() is a commune
in Arad County
. The commune lies in the contact zone of the Lipovei Plateau and the large deep valley of the River Mureș, respectively in the Brănișca-Păuliș Couloir. It is composed of four villages: Bacăul de Mijloc (Bakamező
), Bata (situated at 67 km from Arad
), Bulci (Bulcs
) and Ţela.
According to the last census the population of the commune counts 1226 inhabitants. From an ethnical point of view it hasthe following structure: 99,6% are Romanians, 0,2% Hungarians and 0,2% are of other or undeclared nationalities.
The first documentary record of the locality Bata dates back to 1367 as “Kethbata”.
The old Turkish "bata" means "drinking place" and the Hungarian “keth”
. The first recorded name, therefore, meant "two drinking places". <br />
Bacăul de Mijloc was first mentioned in 1717 as “Bacomesso”.
It was the Hungarian name of village which means
as until 1551 it was the possession of the Baki family. In Romanian, its name was originally "Bakanczea",
and became Bacăul de Mijloc when it became part of Romania in 1919.Bulci was first attested documentarily in 1225 as Bulch. The name derives from the Hungarian and was a personal name in the early middle ages. In 1225, the village already had a Benedictan monastery. In 1233, King Andrew II of Hungary established its salt tax in 5000...