is a municipal council
in Gurdaspur district
in the state of Punjab
. It is located about 30 km from Gurdaspur
, the headquarters of the district
Batala is an important place for Sikh
devotees. Guru Nanak Dev
, the founder of the Sikh religion
was married here to Sulakhni, the daughter of Mul Chand Chauna in 1485. Many temples
related to the Guru's marriage attract devotees from near and far. Every year celebrations are conducted on the anniversary of Guru Nanak's marriage.
Batala once called as Iron bird of Asia as it produced highest amount of C.I.Casting, Agricultural and mechanical machinery. Batala is still one of the leading cities in northern India in maufacturing of C.I Casting and agricultural and mechanical machinery. It's an agricultural marketplace and industrial centre. Cotton ginning, weaving, sugar refining, rice milling, and manufacturing are some of other business taking place here.
The city was founded in the year 1465 CE by Raja Ram Deo, a Bhati Rajput
, during the reign of Bahlul Lodi on a piece of land given by Tatar Khan who was the Governor of Lahore
. Later, during the Mughal rule
gave it in jagir
to his foster brother, Shamsher Khan. The city grew and developed under him. The whole city was lying within a fort. It had 12 gates as entrance and exit. These gates are still known by their old names e.g. Sheran wala Gate, Khajuri Gate, Bhandari Gate, Ohri Gate, Thathiari Gate etc.... Read More