Battle of Bilbao

Battle Of Bilbao

Military Conflict
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Battle of Bilbao

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The Battle of Bilbao was part of the War in the North, during the Spanish Civil War where the Nationalist Army captured the city of Bilbao and the remaining parts of the Basque Country still held by the Republic.

Bilbao was the capital of the autonomous Basque area established by the Republic after the war began. This establishment was in payment for Basque Nationalist support of the Republic.

The Basque people in Spain generally inhabit four provinces, Navarre, Álava, Gipuzkoa and Biscay. The Basque Nationalists were dominant in the latter two provinces.

Navarre and Álava had rallied to the rising against the Republic.Gabriel Jackson, The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939 (1965), p. 384

The Spanish Nationalists troops gained Gipuzkoa early in the war with the fall of San Sebastián, September 13, 1936.Hugh Thomas, The Spanish Civil War, (2001), p. 397

By June 11, 1937, The Basque forces had fallen back to the city of Bilbao, which was defended by a series of rushed fortifications called the "Iron Belt." The Iron Belt was poorly designed for defense and the designer of the Belt, engineer Alejandro Goicoechea, defected to the Nationalists and brought them the plans of the defenses, so that they could strike at the weakest point.Manuel Montero García, History of Biscay (1980). The ring was breached by an infantry assault supported by...
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