The naval Battle of Eretria
, between Sparta
, took place in September 411 BC, off the coast of Euboea
During the spring of 411 BC, the Eretrians
drove the Athenians out of Oropos
with the help of the Boetians
. This city was a strategic point for Athens because it allowed them to control all of Euboea. Moreover all the commercial traffic was made through the city. The Eretrians would hope that Sparta would help them to end the Athenian rule on Euboea.
By the end of the summer 411 BC, a large Spartan fleet sailed towards Euboea. The Athenians tried to prevent the Euboeans from switching sides by sending a squadron to Eretria. However, the Eretrians supported the Spartans. While the Athenians were in the harbour of Eretria in order to supply themselves, the Eretrians informed the Spartan admiral Hegesandridas
by a signal fire that it was an appropriate time to attack. The Athenians hurriedly embarked but were defeated during the naval battle which followed. The Athenians who tried to take refuge in Eretria were killed by the town's inhabitants. Only those who decided to go to the Athenian fort in Eretria (which was likely on the Pezonisi Peninsula
Following the battle, almost all of Euboea switched side. Then there was a huge debate as to whether the Athenians would take them back, ending up in a massacre of Eretria.