Battle of Givenchy
(December 18-December 22, 1914) was a battle fought during World War I
as part of the First Battle of Champagne
, that saw an initially advancing British
force face strong opposition and counter-attack from a solidly entrenched German
force around the village of Givenchy
With the French
under heavy pressure at Arras
the order was given that the British force would provide relief by attacking the Germans around Givenchy, thus preventing German reinforcement of Arras from that quarter.<!-- Image with unknown copyright status removed: -->Sharp fighting broke out on 19 December when Indian troops from the Lahore
division launched an attack, successfully capturing two lines of German trenches. However their success was short-lived: a prompt and aggressive counter-action pushed the Indian troops back out again.
The following day the British force was caught somewhat by surprise by a heavy attack launched by the now reinforced Germans around Givenchy. The force of the German attack was clearly focused against the trenches held by the same Indian troops who had initiated operations on the previous day.
Defensive tactics were severely hampered by the conditions of the Indian trenches, heavily waterlogged as they were. Consequently the German force broke through and managed to occupy part of Givenchy until two British reserve battalions were brought into action, with the result that the village was back in British hands by the close of 20... Read More