Battle of Lugdunum

Battle Of Lugdunum

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Battle of Lugdunum

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The Battle of Lugdunum, also called the Battle of Lyon, was fought on 19 February 197 at Lugdunum (modern Lyon, France), between the armies of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus and of the Roman usurper Clodius Albinus. Severus' victory finally established him as the sole emperor of the Roman Empire.

This battle is said to be the largest, most hard fought and bloodiest of all clashes between Roman forces.The historian Cassius Dio places the number involved as 300,000, or 150,000 on either side of the battle. This figure has been disputed, as this is approximately three-quarters of the total number of soldiers present throughout the Roman Empire at that time. However, it is widely accepted that the total number of soldiers and support personnel involved exceeded 100,000, and could well have come close to the 150,000 figure Dio gives.

Background

After the murder of Emperor Pertinax (193), a struggle began for the succession to the purple, the so-called Year of the Five Emperors. The new self-proclaimed Emperor in Rome, Didius Julianus, had to face the commander of the Pannonian legions, Septimius Severus. Before moving on Rome, Severus made an alliance with the powerful commander of the Britannia legions, Clodius Albinus, recognizing him as Caesar. After eliminating Didius (193) and then defeating the governor of Syria, Pescennius Niger (194), a successful campaign in the East (195) was launched. Severus then tried to legitimize his power, connecting himself with Marcus......
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