The Battle of Sheriffmuir
was an engagement in 1715 at the height of the Jacobite rebellion
John Erskine, 6th Earl of Mar
, standard-bearer for the Jacobite
cause in Scotland, mustered Highland
chiefs, and on 6 September declared James Francis Edward Stuart
(the "Old Pretender") as King of Scots
. With an army of about 12,000 men Mar proceeded to take Perth
, and commanded much of the northern Highlands
. Following unsuccessful skirmishes against John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll
(based at Stirling
), Mar was eventually persuaded to lead his full army south, on 10 November. Spies informed Argyll of Mar's actions, and he moved his army of about 4,000 to Sheriffmuir
, near Dunblane
. The two armies met on the battlefield on 13 November.
Argyll was seriously outnumbered by the Jacobite army (which was somewhat diminished from its previous numbers), and his left wing, commanded by General Whetham, was far shorter than the Jacobites' opposing right. Argyll's right wing attacked, and managed to drive the Highlanders back, but Whetham's soldiers were overpowered by a much larger force. Argyll came to the aid of Whetham's men. By evening, both armies were seriously reduced, and although Mar had a great advantage in numbers, he refused to risk the entirety of his army, allowing Argyll to withdraw.
The battle was inconclusive with both sides claiming victory. However in strategic terms Argyll had halted the Jacobite advance. Those government... Read More