- For the battle of 971, see Siege of Dorostolon.
The Battle of Silistra
occurred in the spring of 968 near the Bulgarian
town of Silistra
, but most probably on the modern territory of Romania
. It was fought between the armies of Bulgaria
and Kievan Rus'
and resulted in a Rus' victory. Upon the news of the defeat the Bulgarian emperor Peter I
abdicated. The invasion
of the Rus' prince Sviatoslav was a heavy blow for the Bulgarian Empire, which by 971 lost its eastern provinces to the Byzantine Empire
Origins of the conflict
From the 940s the Magyars
began repeatedly to launch pillage raids in the Bulgarian Empire. Emperor Peter I
was unable to stop them and as the Byzantines were unwilling to send any help he finally allied with the Magyars and gave the save passage through Bulgaria to attack Byzantine Thrace
. In 968
emperor Nikephoros II Phokas
paid the Kievan knyaz Sviatoslav Igorevich
to attack Bulgaria
in answer of the alliance between the Bulgarian emperor Peter I and the Magyars.
gathered 60,000 troops and started his campaign in the early spring of 968
. He met the Bulgarians
, who were only 30,000 strong, near Silistra. The battle continued the whole day and until dark the Bulgarians seemed to have overwhelmed the Kievans, but, elated by Sviatoslav's personal example, the latter were victorious due to their still larger army. The Bulgarians retreated to the Silistra fortress and withstood the following siege.