The Battle of St. Lucia
or the Battle of the Cul de Sac
was a naval battle
fought off the island of St. Lucia
in the West Indies
during the American War of Independence
on 15 December 1778, between the British Royal Navy
and the French Navy
.Orr, Tamra. St. Lucia.
Marshall Cavendish, 2008; pp. 31. ISBN 9780761425694.
On 7 September 1778, the French governor of Martinique
, the Marquis de Bouille
, surprised and captured the British island of Dominica
. On 4 November, French Admiral Jean Baptiste Charles Henri Hector Comte d'Estaing
sailed for the West Indies from the port of Boston. On that same day, Commodore William Hotham
was dispatched from Sandy Hook, New York, to reinforce the British fleet in the West Indies. Hotham sailed with "five men of war, a bomb vessel, some frigates, and a large convoy."Ekins, Charles
. The Naval Battles of Great Britain: From the Accession of the Illustrious House of Hanover to the Throne to the Battle of Navarin.
Baldwin and Cradock, 1828; p. 91. The French fleet was blown off course by a violent storm, preventing it from arriving in the Caribbean ahead of the British. Admiral Samuel Barrington
, the British naval commander stationed on the Leeward Islands
, joined the newly arrived Commodore Hotham on 10... Read More