The Battle of the Sacramento River
took place on February 28, 1847 during the Mexican–American War
. About twenty-five miles north of Chihuahua
at the river Sacramento
forces numbering less than 1,000 men defeated a superior Mexican army which led to the occupation of Chihuahua.
In early 1847, Colonel Alexander Doniphan
was heading south with his small army of about 1,000 men and officers, which included primarily infantry, cavalry and artillery. On February 8, Doniphan left the town of El Paso del Norte
to escort a merchant caravan
of about 315 wagons to Chihuahua
and on February 25, the United States Army
reached the Inseneas
region when informed by spies that a force of 1,500 Mexican soldiers held the town. The American army continued and the Mexican garrison retreated without fighting. Continuing further, the Americans reached the Sacramento River.
On February 27, the Americans learned that the Sacramento River pass had been fortified and defended by a larger Mexican force. At sunrise on February 28, the last day of February, the Americans took up the line of march and formed the whole train, consisting of 315 heavy traders, wagons, a commissary
and company of wagons, into four columns. Colonel Doniphan placed the artillery and all the operators in intervals between the columns of wagons. The cavalry was used as a shield to protect the artillery. When the Americans arrived within three miles of the Mexican defenses, they made a......