Battle of Wuhan

Battle Of Wuhan

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Battle of Wuhan

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The Battle of Wuhan, popularly known to the Chinese as the Defence of Wuhan, and to the Japanese as the Capture of Wuhan, was a large-scale battle of the Second Sino-Japanese War. More than one million National Revolutionary Army troops were gathered, with Chiang Kai-shek himself in command, to defend Wuhan from the Imperial Japanese Army led by Yasuji Okamura.

Engagements were in both northern and southern shores of Yangtze River, spreading across vast areas of Anhui, Henan, Jiangxi and Hubei provinces. It lasted four and half months, and was the longest, largest and one of the most significant battles of the entire Second Sino-Japanese War.

Background



On 7 July 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army launched the full-scale invasion against China. With the onset of the war, Beijing and Tianjin fell to the Japanese in less than one month, which exposed the entire North China Plain to the Japanese Army. On 12 November, the Japanese Army captured Shanghai. Nanjing was at risk of being besieged, and the Chinese government was forced to transfer its capital to Chongqing.

However, the Chinese government did not transfer its elite troops and the war facilities to Chongqing immediately; instead, they were gathered together and set up in Wuhan. Assistance from the USSR provided additional military and technical resources, including a small band of Soviet Air Force volunteers.

Importance of Wuhan

Wuhan, located halfway up the Yangtze River, was the second largest city at the time with a...
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