The Battle of Yinkou
(Japanese: 牛莊作戦) was a land battle of the First Sino-Japanese War
between the forces of Meiji
Japan and Qing
China, fought outside the treaty port
town of Yingkou
. It is sometimes referred to as the Battle of Niuzhuang
Following the capture of the walled town of Haicheng, south of Liaoyang
in the Liaodong Peninsula
by the 3rd Division of the 1st Japanese Army on 13 December 1894, Chinese forces made three attempts in January and February to retake the town. All were unsuccessful.
The 1st Division of the 2nd Japanese Army left Kinchow on 10 February 1895, and rendezvoused with the 1st Japanese Army outside of the foreign treaty port of Yingkou
(then known as Niuzhuang). Niuzhuang was taken on 4 March 1895 after a fierce street-by-street fight in which the Chinese suffered from 1800 casualties.
On 6 March 1895, the Japanese forces entered Yingkou without resistance, and then proceeded to bombard the town of Tianzhuangtai
on the opposite side of the Liao River
, which they razed to the ground.
Aftermath of the battle
The capture of Yingkou marks the effective end of combat on the Asian mainland in the First Sino-Japanese War.
Toward the end of March a column of Japanese troops seized the Pescadores Islands
. During this time, negotiations were already underway for a ceasefire and Chinese surrender at Shimonoseki
- Chamberlin, William Henry. Japan Over Asia, 1937, Little,......