(), is a district
of East Timor
, on the northern coast in the eastern part of the country. The capital is also called Baucau
(formerly Vila Salazar). The population of the district is 104,571 (census 2004) and it has an area of 1,494 km<sup>2</sup>. The subdistricts are Baguia
, and Venilale
(formerly known as Vila Viçosa). The district was the same during the colonial era. Its north edge is to the Wetar Strait
; it also borders the districts of Lautém
to the east, Viqueque
to the south, and Manatuto
to the west.
Besides the national official languages of Tetum
, most of the inhabitants speak the Papuan language Makasae
. While most of the inhabitants are Roman Catholics
, a few Muslims also live there.
Baucau has the most highly developed agriculture in East Timor. Besides the staples rice
, Baucau produces beans
, sweet potatoes
. It also raises buffalo
. A shortage of transportation links and the unpredictability of energy availability stymie the development of emerging industries.
In the subdistrict Venilala are tunnels that the Japanese
built during their occupation in the Second World War
. Also in this subdistrict is an ongoing project to reconstruct and renovate the Escola do Reino de Venilale
(School of the Kingdom of Venilale).
Baucau also has a wide coastline with sandy beaches, ideal for swimming and other watersports.
Baucau has the country's longest... Read More