is the name given to a monumental, bronze sand-cast 19th-century statue in Munich
, southern Germany. It is a female personification of the Bavarian
homeland, and by extension its strength and glory.
The statue is part of an ensemble which also includes a hall of fame
) and a stairway. It was commissioned by Ludwig I of Bavaria
, with the specific design being chosen by competition. It was cast at the Munich foundry of J.B. Stiglmair between 1844 and 1850 and is the first colossal statue since Classical Antiquity
to consist entirely of cast bronze. It was and is up to the present day considered a technological masterpiece. Because of its size it had to be produced in several parts; it is 18.52 metres high and weighs about 87.36 tons. It rests on a stone base which is 8.92 metres high.
An internal circular staircase leads up to a platform in the head, where four openings in the helmet provide a view of the Theresienwiese and downtown Munich.
The Hall of Fame
Because it forms a logical and artistic unit together with the Bavaria statue, a brief description of the historical background and construction of the Hall of Fame follows.
The childhood of Ludwig I was marked by the claims to power of Napoleon
on the one hand, and Austria on the other. At that time the venerable House of Wittelsbach
which he represented had been reduced to a plaything for the ambitions of these two major powers. Up until 1805, when Napoleon “freed” Munich in... Read More