(, ) is a town and administrative headquarters of the district of the same name located in central Maharashtra
state of India
. According to 2001 census, it is the largest urban area in the district with a population of 138,091. Nearly 36% of the district’s urban population lives in the town alone. It has witnessed roughly 23% population growth during 1991–2001 decade.
Its official name is Beed, though; Bhir, Bir, Bīr, Bid or Bīd can also be seen sometimes in official and unofficial documents and seals. Some references like Encyclopædia Britannica
refer it as Bhir
, Encyclopedia Encarta
and Google Maps
while it is found at World Gazetteer
.In 1990’s during the government of right wing Hindu party Shiv Sena
in Maharashtra, Beed town was proposed to be renamed as Champavatinagar
, which is said to be its old name.
Beed's early history is obscure. Historians speculate based on archaeological remains that the town might have been founded by the Yadava rulers (1173–1317) of Devagiri (now Daulatabad
). Beed town was a part of the State of Hyderabad
(Asaf Jahi Kingdom
) of Nizams
. After independence the state was annexed to India in September 1948 following a military action. Beed remained in Hyderabad state until 1956 when it was included in Bombay......