The Belarusian alphabet
is based on the Cyrillic script
and is derived from the alphabet of the Old Church Slavonic
language. The alphabet has existed in its modern form since 1918 and consists of thirty-two letters. See also Belarusian Latin alphabet
and Belarusian Arabic alphabet
Officially, the letter <г> represents both and , though the latter is only found in borrowings and mimesis. The letter <ґ
> is used by some for the latter sound, but it has never belonged to a standard codification of the Belarusian alphabet.
The combination <д> with letters <ж> or <з> may denote either two distinct respective sounds
in some prefix-root combinations: <пад-з
ыць>), or the Belarusian affricates
<дж> and <дз> (e.g.,
ала>). In some representations of the alphabet, the affricates are included in parentheses after the letter <д>, to emphasis their special status, as: <… Дд (ДЖдж ДЗдз) Ее …>.
<Ў> is not a distinct phoneme, but the neutralization of /v/ and /l/ when there is no following vowel, such as before a consonant or at the end of a word.Palatalization
of consonants is mostly indicated through choice of vowel
letter, as illustrated here with and , both written with the letter <п>:
When a consonant is not palatalized, precedes , the......