(, lit. "beluga whale
bay", or just Belushye
) is an urban locality
(a work settlement
) in Arkhangelsk Oblast
, located in the southwestern portion of the Southern Island of the Novaya Zemlya
It is the main permanent settlement and the administrative center of the island territory of Novaya Zemlya. It lies around southwest of the Rogachevo
airbase. A large proportion of its population is made up of military personnel associated with the nuclear test
sites located on the island.
Upon visiting Novaya Zemlya in 1894, Arkhangelsk Governor Engelhard decided to create a new encampment. In 1896, an expedition conducted a survey of the west coast of Novaya Zemlya. The following year Belushya Guba was founded.
The settlement started to flourish in 1954, when Novaya Zemlya became established as a nuclear test site.
Geography and climate
Belushya Guba is located in a deep bay, within a geographical area that is influenced by warm ocean currents. The natural conditions allow year-round sailing of all types and classes of vessels with minimal cost for icebreaking support. The bay is well protected from high surf and drifting ice.
The area of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya experiences from 8 to 10 cyclones per month during the winter, with the main direction of the cyclone... Read More