The Bendigo Petition was an attempt by miners in the colony of Victoria (now Australia) to demand political representation and reasonable limits to taxation from Governor La Trobe, a representative of the British Government. In particular the miners requested reform of license fees applicable to miners on the gold fields. The Bendigo Petition built on the earlier demands enunciated by miners at the Forest Creek Monster Meeting of 1851.
The Anti-Gold Licence Association was formed by G E Thomson, Dr Jones and Edward Brown at Bendigo on the 6 June 1853. Over 23,000 signatures were gathered for the Association's petition.<!-- SLV states 5,000 signatures - is this because the SLV holds a fragment only?--> An additional 8000 signatures from the nearby McIvor (Heathcote) diggings were lost as a result of the robbery of a gold escort in July 1853. By the 1st August the petition, 30 metres long, was sent to the Governor in Melbourne.<!-- SLV states 13 metres - is this just because it is a fragment?-->
The petitions demands included:
To direct that the License Fee be reduced to 10 Shillings a Month.
To direct that Monthly or Quarterly Licenses be issued at the option of the applicants.
To direct that new arrivals or invalids be allowed on registering their names at the Commissioners Office fifteen clear days residence on the Goldfields before the license be enforced.
To afford greater facility to Diggers and others resident on the Goldfields who wish to engage......