The Bengal famine of 1943
is one among several famines
that occurred in British
. It is estimated that around three million people died from starvation
during the periodGordon, Leonard A., Review of Prosperity and Misery in Modern Bengal: The Famine of 1943-1944
by Greenough, Paul R., The American Historical Review, Vol. 88, No. 4 (Oct., 1983), p. 1051 (http://www.jstor.org/stable/1874145) making the number of Indian deaths higher than the two world wars, the entire independence movement and the massive carnage that followed the Partition of India
Background and possible causes
The Second World War
began simultaneously with a series of crop failures and famines. By August 1939, out of 14 states in Rajasthan
, the nine largest had declared that they were suffering a famine under the Indian Famine Code
as it then stood.Tauger, 'The Indian Famine Crises of World War II', British Scholar
, Vol. I, Issue 2, 166-96, March 2009, p.186 In Bengal
in 1940-41 there was a small scale famine although quick action by the authorities prevented widespread loss of life.
The British Empire
had suffered a disastrous defeat at Singapore
in 1942 against the......