The Bihar Regiment
is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army
. The regiment can trace its origins back to the British Indian Army
. The Bihar Regiment was formed in 1941 by regularising the 11th (Territorial) Battalion, 19th Hyderabad Regiment, and raising new battalions.
influences intermingled to produce an arms-bearing soldiery which was disciplined and deeply religious. The Bihar Regiment traces its origins to the sepoy battalions raised in 1757 by Lord Clive
of the British East India Company
. These were formed by the men from the Bhojpur
region of Bihar
. Their success in combat impressed Mir Kasim
, who began raising units trained in western combat techniques. Bihari battalions raised by Mir Kasim defeated the British in some engagements. The Bihari, or poorbia/purviah soldier thereafter made up the backbone of the Bengal Infantry
of the British Colonial Army.
The Bihari was not only an excellent soldier, but he was also quick to learn and apply the tactical drills with initiative. He was disciplined when led by good officers, but capable of hostility when his beliefs and customs were disregarded. The Indian Rebellion of 1857
against the introduction of greased cartridges, was led by Bihari troops, who preferred being blown by the guns to losing their faith. Biharis thereafter... Read More