is a Spanish Denominación de Origen
(DO) (Denominació d'Origen
) for wines located around the town of Binissalem
in the centre of the island of Majorca
, (Balearic Islands
Grape growing and wine production was introduced to the island by the ancient Romans
in the year 121 BC when Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius
took possession of the island for Rome. Pliny the Elder
mentioned the wines of Majorca in his writings in the 1st century AD.
During the centuries of Moorish dominion, grape growing and wine production did not disappear despite the prohibitions of the Koran, as when king Jaume I
conquered the island in 1230, he was offered top quality wine as a peace offering.
Before the arrival of the phylloxera
plague at the end of the 19th century there were about 27,000 ha under vines in Majorca and exports were 300,000 hl of wine per year. After the devastation of the virus however, most of the vineyards were replaced by almond trees. In the late 20th century there was a revival of the wine industry due to the demand for quality wine by tourists.
It acquired its DO status in 1991, the first of the two Majorcan DOs to do so, the other being Plà i Llevant
The area covered by the DO in the centre of the island, northeast of the town of Palma
and is a high plateaux of rolling hills at altitudes of between 125 m and 300 m above sea level. To the north is the Sierra de Alfabia
range which protects the vineyards from the cold... Read More