Binissalem

Binissalem

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Binissalem

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Description:
Binissalem is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Majorca, one of the Balearic Islands, Spain.

History

Grape growing and wine production was introduced to the island by the ancient Romans in the year 121 BC when Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius took possession of the island for Rome. Pliny the Elder mentioned the wines of Majorca in his writings in the 1st century AD.

During the centuries of Moorish dominion, grape growing and wine production did not disappear despite the prohibitions of the Koran, as when king Jaume I conquered the island in 1230, he was offered top quality wine as a peace offering.

Before the arrival of the phylloxera plague at the end of the 19th century there were about 27,000 ha under vines in Majorca and exports were 300,000 hl of wine per year. After the devastation of the virus, however, most of the vineyards were replaced by almond trees. During much of the late 19th century and early 20th century, the town continued its trade with France by manufacturing farm machinery.

In the middle 20th century Binissalem was noted for the quality of its woodwork and stonework. There are still successful and active quarries in or near the town, which has now grown to approximately 6,500 inhabitants.

In the late 20th century there was a revival of the wine industry due to the demand for quality wine by tourists.

It acquired its DO status in 1991, the first of the two Majorcan DOs to do so.

Geography

The area covered by the DO in the centre of the...
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