Birmingham City Transport was a municipal organisation that operated the passenger transport network in Birmingham between 1937 and 1969.
Birmingham City Transport was created out of Birmingham Corporation Tramways. The name reflected the fact that there were now a mixture of trams, trolleybuses and motor buses operated in Birmingham.
Between 1947 and 1954, Birmingham City Transport purchased 1,748 new buses to replace its entire fleet of trams and trolleybuses, along with utility buses (built to inferior standards during the Second World War), and all except 40 or so of its pre-War fleet. Birmingham City Transport placed a turban ban on all employees in 1960, which led to Sikhs going on strike. The ban was lifted in 1962.