Bisexuality in the Arab world
for both men
is not unknown; estimates of prevalence vary, and depend on region. It is also a topic celebrated by some of the greatest artists of the Middle East
, such as the famous poet Abu Nuwas
has a universal history. People in all known societies have exhibited varying degrees of bisexuality, and most of what is called homosexuality
in previous cultures is in fact bisexuality, (The terms heterosexuality
, bisexuality and particularly homosexuality, may not be appropriate in the historical context. In most traditional societies, human beings were classified on the basis of gender
identity and not the modern concept of 'sexual orientation'. In these societies sexuality between men was considered part of the normal, 'straight' behaviour, while only males who accepted the passive role in sexual relations were considered as being of a 'different' gender or identity.) Contemporary Non-westernized concepts of male sexuality
are based on more or less similar beliefs.
This is despite what has been interpreted as a prohibitions against homosexual behavior
in the Qur'an
and severe penalties for LGBT
persons in some nations
, including in some sensational cases, the death penalty
. The Qur'an
however requires that the behavior be witnessed by four men or eight women in order to convict the participants.
It has often been hypothesized that this same-sex sexual behavior
may be a consequence of the sexual conservatism in......