The Bishop of Caithness
was the ecclesiastical head of the Diocese
, one of Scotland
's 13 medieval bishoprics. The first referenced bishop of Caithness was Aindréas
, a Gael
who appears in sources between 1146
as bishop. Aindréas spent much if not all of his career outside his see.
Other bishops before Aindréas are possible, but none is documented. King David I of Scotland
, is credited with founding many bishoprics, and it is possible that Caithness was one of them. Little documented history exists before the reign of King David.
The earliest bishops resided at Halkirk
, with a castle at Scrabster
. Bishop Gilbert de Moravia
moved the episcopal seat to Dornoch
in what is now Sutherland
(then regared as part of Caithness), and the bishopric remained at Dornoch Cathedral
for the remainder of its existence. The Bishopric of Caithness' links with Rome ceased to exist after the Scottish Reformation
, but continued, saving temporary abolition between 1638 and 1661, under the episcopal Church of Scotland
until the Revolution of 1688. Episcopacy in the established church in Scotland was permanently abolished.
- Broun, Dauvit, “The Seven Kingdoms in De Situ Albanie: A Record of Pictish political geography or imaginary Map of ancient Alba”, in E.J. Cowan & R. Andrew McDonald (eds.), Alba: Celtic Scotland in the Medieval Era, (Edinburgh, 2000, rev. 2005).
- Crawford, Barbara, "The Earldom of Caithness and the Kingdom of Scotland,......