) is a species of antelope
native to the Indian subcontinent
. Their range decreased sharply during the 20th century. Since 2003, the IUCN
lists the species as near threatened
This species is the only living species of the genus Antilope
, and has been introduced in Texas
. It is one of the fastest of all terrestrial animals
reaching to speeds of up to 80 km/h and is one of the few antelopes where males and females have distinctive coloration, as the male bucks are a distinctive black and white and have long twisted horns, while females are fawn coloured with no horns. In its scientific name Antilope cervicapra
, 'Antilope' from 'anthalops' (Greek) a horned animal; 'cervicapra' from 'cervus' (Latin) a deer and 'capra' (Latin) a she-goat.
The blackbuck, is the provincial animal of India it is known as Krishna Mriga
. Also known as Krishna Jinka
, it has been declared as the state animal of Andhra Pradesh
. Other local names for the species include Krishnasar
, Kala Hiran, Sasin, Iralai Maan, and Kalveet in Marathi. It is often simply called Indian antelope
though this term might also be used for other Antilopinae from the region.
The skin of Krishna Mrigam plays an important role in Hinduism
, and Brahmin
boys are traditionally required to wear a strip of unleathered hide after performing......