, ) is a locality
and the seat of Boden Municipality
in Norrbotten County
with 18,680 inhabitants in 2005.
The town of Boden started as a railway junction where the Northern Line (Norra stambanan
, opened 1894) met with the Ore Line (Malmbanan
) from the rich iron ore fields in northern Sweden.
The town experienced increased growth when the Boden Fortress
was constructed in the beginning of the 20th century. The purpose of the fortress was to defend Sweden from a possible attack from the east, where Russia was considered the most dangerous threat.
The first official writings about Boden, was in a 1500~ tax paper, where the mention of "Boden village" with 7 homes.Boden got the title of city
in 1919. This title became obsolete in 1971 and Boden is now the seat of Boden Municipality.
Today Boden is still a military stronghold, and houses the largest garrison of the Swedish Army
The army and the municipality are the two largest employers in Boden. As the military is continuously disarming, with the five regiments united into one garrison, the population has decreased by 2,000 people over the past ten years.
The famous Fällkniven
knives are from Boden.
Well-known Boden Citizens, Former or Current