() is a city
on the island of Java
in the West Java province
. The city is located in the center of the Bogor Regency
(), 60 kilometers south of the Indonesian capital Jakarta
. Bogor itself is a recognized as a municipality (cat
); it is an important economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center, as well as a mountain resort.
In the Middle Ages
, the city was the capital of Sunda Kingdom
() and was called Pakuan Pajajaran. During the Dutch
colonization of Indonesia, it was named Buitenzorg
and served as the summer residence of the Governor-General
of Dutch East Indies
. The city was the administrative center of the Netherlands East Indies during the British
control in the early 19th century.
With several hundred thousand people living on an area of about 20 km², the central part of Bogor is one of the world's most densely populated areas. The city has a presidential palace
and a botanical garden
() – one of the oldest and largest in the world. It bears the nickname "the Rain City" (Kota Hujan
), because of frequent rain showers. It nearly always rains even during the dry season.
The first mentioning of a settlement at present Bogor dates to the 5th century when the area was part of Tarumanagara
, one of the first states on the territory of modern Indonesia. After a series of defeats from the... Read More