Braddock Road (Braddock expedition)

Braddock Road (Braddock Expedition)

Braddock Road (Braddock expedition)

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Description:
The Braddock Road was a military road built in 1755 in what was then British America and is now the United States. It was the first improved road to cross the barrier of the successive ridgelines of the Appalachian Mountains. It was constructed by troops of Virginia militia and British regulars commanded by General Edward Braddock of the Coldstream Guards, part of an expedition to conquer the Ohio Country from the French at the beginning of the Seven Years' War. George Washington was a low ranking colonial militia officer who accompanied the expedition, which gave him his first field military experience. Some accounts credit Washington for saving the expedition, while others criticize some of his actions (especially where and how he built Fort Necessity).

Construction

In 1755 Braddock was sent to remove the French from Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh). Starting from Fort Cumberland Braddock's army cut a military trail through the wilderness, roughly following Nemacolin's path, an improved, prehistoric Native American trail.

thumb|upright=1.6|Lacock's map of the road

Braddock met defeat east of Fort Duquesne and was fatally wounded. He was buried in the middle of the road he built and his soldiers marched over the grave, with the hope of concealing the grave's location from the Indians. The Forbes Expedition, a more successful British expedition mounted against Fort Duquesne in 1758, used a different route through the mountains along what became known as Forbes' Road.

The National......
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